Two people are taken into custody following raids by immigration officials at a Koch Foods Inc. plant in Morton, Miss., Aug. 7, 2019.

Full Pardon and Amnesty

Considering the treatment of Confederate veterans in light of the treatment of undocumented immigrants in the South today.
John Pierre Burr, son of Aaron Burr and  Mary Emmons.

Aaron Burr — Villain of ‘Hamilton’ — Had a Secret Family of Color, New Research Shows

The vice president is best known for killing rival Alexander Hamilton in an 1804 duel. But he was also a notorious rake, historians say.
Overseer's Office, Ashlawn-Highland.

James Monroe Enslaved Hundreds. Their Descendants Still Live Next Door.

A small African-American community has existed less than 10 miles from the president’s former plantation for generations.
George Washington's family tree, drawn by himself (ca. 1753).

This Long-Ignored Document by George Washington Lays Bare the Legal Power of Genealogy

In Washington’s Virginia, family was a crucial determinant of social and economic status, and freedom.
School integration in Philadelphia,  September, 11 1964.

For Some, School Integration Was More Tragedy Than Fairy Tale

Almost 60 years later, a mother regrets her decision to send her 6-year-old into a hate-filled environment.

A Brief History of Bullying Women to Have Babies

The techniques that have been used to pressure American women to keep breeding are even more shocking than you might think.

Slavery and the Family Tree

How do you make a family tree when you may not know your family history?
A black family at the Hermitage Plantation in Savannah, Georgia (ca. 1907).

Beyond Romantic Advertisements: Ancestry.com, Genealogy, and White Supremacy

On Ancestry's dangerous move to make it harder to discern which white families owned slaves.
Depiction of an enslaved black woman nursing a white infant (1861).

The Double-Edged Sword of Motherhood Under American Slavery

How did enslaved mothers contend with the possibility that their children could be sold away from them?
Lucia Vazquez Valdez in her home.

Her Ancestors Fled to Mexico to Escape Slavery 170 Years Ago. She Still Sings in English.

The oldest living member of the Mascogos still sings songs in a language she doesn't understand.
A police investigator examines bullet strikes in a door of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum a day after a shooting there left a security officer dead and the gunman wounded (June 11, 2009)

The History Before Us

How can we be sure the atrocities of the past will stay in the past?

The Lucky Ones

I told her we were brought over the Rio Grande on a raft. I never called it a smuggling.