John Brown, an enslaved man who endured a series of painful experiments by a Georgia doctor determined to prove that black skin was thicker than white skin.

How False Beliefs in Physical Racial Difference Still Live in Medicine Today

Biological fallacies were used to justify slavery. Why can’t doctors let them go?
Pigments from the Forbes Pigment Collection.

Treasures from the Color Archive

The historic pigments in the Forbes Collection include the esoteric, the expensive, and the toxic.
Bureau of Home Economics employees blindfold their taste testers so the sight of the turkey doesn't bias any responses (ca. 1930).

The Government Taste Testers Who Reshaped America’s Diet

In the 1930s, a forgotten federal bureau experimented with ways to make soy and other products more popular in the U.S.
Poppy Northcutt, 1969.

Inside Apollo Mission Control, From the Eyes of the First Woman on the Job

Poppy Northcutt planned the vital flight trajectories that got astronauts home from their missions to the moon.
President John F. Kennedy speaking at Rice University, Sept. 12, 1962.

What John F. Kennedy’s Moon Speech Means 50 Years Later

“We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard.”
Margaret Hamilton next to the navigation software she and her team produced for the Apollo Project (1969).

Margaret Hamilton Led the NASA Software Team That Landed Astronauts on the Moon

Apollo’s successful computing software was optimized to deal with unknown problems.
Buzz Aldrin poses beside the deployed United States flag during Apollo 11 extravehicular activity (EVA) on the lunar surface, July 20, 1969.

How NASA Sold The Science And Glamour of Space Travel

At the time of the Apollo 11 landing, some Americans had reservations about reaching for the stars when troubles swelled on Earth.

The First Responders

The black men who formed America’s original paramedic corps wanted to make history and save lives—starting with their own.
The Dinosaur Quarry at Dinosaur National Monument, Vernal, Utah.

On America’s Wild West of Dinosaur Fossil Hunting

In 19th-century America, rare old bones were a resource like any other.
A pedigree tracking behaviors and health through generations of a family, created by eugenicists in London and found in the book Treasury of Human Inheritance (1909).

The Eugenicists on Abortion

Contrary to what Clarence Thomas recently claimed, eugenicists never favored abortion as a means of population control.
Frank J. Malina poses at the White Sands Missile Range, 1945.

The Rocket Scientist Who Had to Elude the FBI Before He Could Escape Earth

Frank Malina's Scientific Dreams Were as Radical as His Politics.
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Wearing The Lead Glasses

Lead contamination in New Orleans and beyond.