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During the Space Race, Gas Stations Gave Away Free Maps to the Moon

Standard Oil was not about to be left earthbound.
Jet magazine founder John H. Johnson, head of Johnson Publishing Co., (2001).

The World-Class Photography of Ebony and Jet is Priceless History. It's Still Up For Sale.

There's a lot more than money at stake in the impending auction.
Photo from a 1932 book by investigative journalist John Spivak, of a boy in Seminole County, Georgia, who was immobilized because he

A Lost Work by Langston Hughes Examines the Harsh Life on the Chain Gang

In 1933, the Harlem Renaissance star wrote a powerful essay about race. It has never been published in English—until now.
Men detained during anti-government demonstrations in Buenos Aires on March 30, 1982. At least 30,000 people were arrested, tortured and ‘disappeared’ during Argentina’s 1976-1983 dictatorship.

Secret Archives Show US Helped Argentine Military Wage ‘Dirty War’ That Killed 30,000

The archives narrate the human rights abuses committed by Argentina’s military government, often with the assistance of the US.

An Eight-Second Film of 1915 New Orleans and the Mystery of Louis Armstrong’s Happiness

How could Armstrong, born indisputably black at the height of Jim Crow and raised poor, be so happy?
Mary Rozet Smith and Jane Addams (c. 1896).

Jane Addams, Mary Rozet Smith, And The Disappointments of One-Sided Correspondence

Lost letters between Jane Addams and her best friend leave questions for historians
 Women voters cast ballots at 57th Street and Lexington Avenue, in 1917.

New York’s First-Time Women Voters

A 1918 dispatch from a Yiddish newspaper documents the experiences of women legally voting for the first time.
A bust-length portrait of Deborah Sampson, who served as a soldier in the Continental Army (1797).

The Woman Who Sneaked Into George Washington’s Army

A rediscovered diary sheds light on the life of Deborah Sampson, who fought in the Continental Army.

“Perhaps We’re Being Dense.” Rejection Letters Sent to Famous Writers

Some kind, some weird, some unbelievably harsh.
Emma Grimes Robinson, daughter of Rev. Leonard Grimes, one of the leaders of Boston's Vigilance Committee.

These Photo Albums Offer a Rare Glimpse of 19th-Century Boston’s Black Community

Thanks to the new acquisition, scholars at the Athenaeum library are connecting the dots of the city’s history of abolitionists.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower gives orders to paratroopers in England, just before they board airplanes to participate in the Invasion of Normandy, June 6 1944.

The Light of Battle Was in Their Eyes

The correspondence of Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower and George C. Marshall leading up to D-Day.
A Shinto shrine tori that survived the atomic bombing of Nagasaki (1945).

Bombing Nagasaki: The Scrapbook

A "yearbook" documents the U.S. military occupation of Nagasaki in the aftermath of the atomic bomb.