A 19th-century map depicting Fort Monroe, built on land once occupied by the Kikotan people.

How the Kikotan Massacre Prepared the Ground for the Arrival of the First Africans in 1619

America was built by the labor of stolen African bodies, on stolen Native American lands.
Berlin skyline.

Working Off the Past, from Atlanta to Berlin

A Jewish American reflects on a life spent amidst the ghosts of the American South and the former capital of the Reich.
The Robert E. Lee statue dedication in 1924, which was presided over by Judge Duke.

UVA and the History of Race: The Lost Cause Through Judge Duke’s Eyes

A profile of UVA graduate R.T.W. Duke Jr., who presided over the 1924 dedication of the Robert E. Lee statue in Charlottesville.

Reflections on a Silent Soldier

After the television cameras went away, a North Carolina city debated the future of its toppled Confederate statue.
The Youngstown Works of U.S. Steel, on Nov. 28, 1979, shortly before it was permanently closed.

On the 40th Anniversary of Youngstown’s “Black Monday,” an Oral History

On September 18, 1977, Youngstown, Ohio, received a blow that it has never recovered from.
Beaver River, 1960s.

Mike's Big Ditch

The failed canal project that could have saved cities like Youngstown, Ohio.
Cover of the new edition of William Loren Katz's book,

The Civil War and the Black West

On the integrated Union regiments composed of white, black, and native men who fought in the Civil War's western theatre.
New York children create a temporary swimming hole using water from a fire hydrant as temperatures rose to the highest point in the city's history, July 9, 1936.

Fire Hydrants Have Been New York’s Cool Solution for 100 Years

Once banned by the city, letting the waters flow is now a summer tradition.
A map of the western United States produced during the American Civil War (1862).

California’s Forgotten Confederate History

Why was the Golden State once chock-full of memorials to the Southern rebels?
Tenney Park, Madison.

Unearthing the Complex Histories of Madison Parks

Creating the city's bucolic, natural landscapes required a good deal of displacement, technological intervention, and erasure.
A map of Alaska when it was still owned by Russia (1860).

Here’s What Happened Last Time the US Bought a Large Chunk of the Arctic

Before Trump eyed Greenland, Alaska was thought of as an odd purchase in the Arctic.
Traffic inches along the connector of Interstate's 75 and 85 in Atlanta, Jan. 28, 2014.

How Segregation Caused Your Traffic Jam

In some of America’s most congested cities, roadways were designed to keep people “in their place.”