Princeville, NC was originally founded as Freedom Hill in 1865. It has been destroyed by flooding nine times since 1800.

The Water Next Time?

For generations, a North Carolina town founded by former slaves has been disproportionately affected by environmental calamity.
Smoke billowing over Tulsa, Oklahoma during 1921 race riots (1921).

A White Mob Destroyed a Black Neighborhood in Tulsa. The City Wants to Find the Graves.

The mob attack has been called one of the worst instances of racial violence in American history.
Congress Springs Park in Saratoga Springs. (ca. 1900-1910)

Between War and Water: Saratoga Springs and Veteran Health after the First World War

The First World War prompted the politicization of nearly all aspects of American life.
The front page of the December 12, 1931 Afro-American covers the lynching of Matthew Williams in front of the Salisbury, MD courthouse.

How Small-Town Newspapers Ignored Local Lynchings

Sherilynn A. Ifill on justice (and Its absence) in the 1930s.
Children bringing home remains of a bed. Coal mining camp, Scotts Run, West Virginia. (1938)

James M. Cain and the West Virginia Mine Wars

Sean Carswell looks into James M. Cain and his time reporting on the West Virginia Mine Wars.
Illustration entitled

Bringing a Dark Chapter to Light: Maryland Confronts Its Lynching Legacy

While lynching is most closely associated with former Confederate states, hundreds were committed elsewhere in the country.
Anna Howard Shaw, 1920.

How Midwestern Suffragists Used Anti-Immigrant Fervor to Help Gain the Vote

Women fighting for the ballot saw German men as backward, ignorant, and less worthy of citizenship than themselves.
A 1602 map representing native settlements. Etzanoa is depicted by two circles with a diagonal line between them at the top center of the map.

Archaeologists Explore a Rural Field in Kansas, and a Lost City Emerges

Of all the places to discover a lost city, this pleasing little community seems an unlikely candidate.
State Emigrant Landing Depot, Castle Garden, New York. (1861)

Welcome to New York

Remembering Castle Garden, a nineteenth-century immigrant welfare state.
Rice field workers at the Mulberry Plantation, Berkeley County, SC, 1916.

The Environmental Roots of Jim Crow in Coastal South Carolina

On the origins of the Lost Cause of the Lowcountry.
Freedmen's school, Edisto Island, S.C. ca. 1862-1865.

Hurricane Florence and the Displacement of African-Americans Along the Carolina Coast

Some of the wealthiest towns in the hurricane’s path were once home to African-Americans seeking freedom from the Jim Crow South.
A woodcut of Fox Island by Rockwell Kent (1920).

The Wild Alaskan Island That Inspired a Lost Classic

A century later, “Quiet Adventure in Alaska” still sounds pretty good.