What I Assume the Eighteen-Eighties Were Like

Locomotives. Not trains. Locomotives.
Usage of Civil War/Rebellion in U.S. Newspapers, 1860-1920. Courtesy of America’s Historic Newspapers.

What the Name "Civil War" Tells Us-- and Why it Matters

Today’s battles over Confederate iconography emerge, in part, out of the failure to address the centrality of slavery to the war.
Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appamattox Court House in Virginia (1914).

Why Some White Americans see Racial Equality as Oppression

White victimhood's roots in the Civil War.

Two Ways of Looking at the Bisbee Deportation

A century-old image and the film it inspired.
A Washington state chapter of the UDC, October 1925.

United Daughters of the Confederacy & White Supremacy

In an open letter, an encyclopedia editor stands behind the use of the term "white supremacy" to describe the UDC's work.
James Longstreet's granddaughter views his memorial at Gettysburg (1998).

The Missing Statues That Expose the Truth About Confederate Monuments

Why Confederacy supporters erased the legacy of one its most accomplished soldiers.
Chance White holds a confederate flag as he drives past people protesting President Obama's visit to Roseburg, Oregon on October 9, 2015.

Southerners Tore Down Silent Sam. Now Northerners Need to Tear Down Confederate Flags.

Each one flown outside the slave states amounts to an admission that the flag represents whiteness, not Southernness.
Four young children writing on the classroom blackboard, circa 1950.

Why Read "Why Learn History"

(When It’s Already Summarized in This Article?)
Silent Sam memorial, University of North Carolina, ca. 1964-1967.

The Dramatic Fall of Silent Sam, UNC’s Confederate Monument

Protesters toppled the 1913 statue Monday, making it the latest Civil War memorial to be removed by government or demonstrators.
Police stand guard after the confederate statue known as Silent Sam was toppled by protesters on campus at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, N.C., Aug. 20, 2018.

Protesters Topple Silent Sam Confederate Statue at UNC

The 105-year old monument crashed down on its face after a rally in support of a student who allegedly vandalized it last spring.
Dawoud Bey installation of

Escaping to Freedom, in the Shadows of the Night

A new exhibit by Dawoud Bey summons a time in African-American history when the journey to freedom was made under cover of night.
A map of world happiness based on the World Happiness Report (2006).

Are Things Getting Better or Worse?

Why assessing the state of the world is harder than it sounds.