A protester stands next to a Confederate monument in advance of a planned white supremacist rally on August 26, 2017 in Knoxville, Tennessee.

Pondering the Question of Confederate Honor

Yes, honorable men can fight for dishonorable causes.
A memorial to Arizona Confederate soldiers in Wesley Bolin Memorial Park, Phoenix, Arizona.

Here's the Real History Behind Arizona's Confederate Monuments

It has less to do with the state's role in the Civil War, and more to do with backlash to the Civil Rights movement.
U.S. Marines under the command of Robert E. Lee smash the armory door at Harpers Ferry, ending John Brown's raid, Oct. 17, 1859.

The South Only Embraced States' Rights as It Lost Control of the Federal Government

For decades, slaveholders were powerfully committed to the Union. That changed when Washington stopped protecting their interests.

Confronting the Legacy of the Civil War: The Forgotten Front

One thing united the warring factions of the civil war: the doctrine of white supremacy and violence against Indians.
Fort Warren (MA) Memorial to 13 Confederate Prisoners Who Died There During the American Civil War (October 2011)

Why Boston Has A Confederate Monument — And Why You Can't See It Right Now

The state's only Confederate memorial, a stone on Georges Island, has been boarded up since June while the state ponders its fate.
A worn US flag and Texas State flag blow in the wind in Pearland, Texas (August 29, 2017)

In Texas, Even the Lies about the Confederacy Are Bigger

Republican House Speaker Joe Straus is calling for the removal of a Confederate plaque about the role of slavery in the Civil War.
President Donald Trump stands in front of a portrait of Andrew Jackson before Rex Tillerson's swearing-in as secretary of state (February 1, 2017).

Mr. President, You're Right About Andrew Jackson

If Jackson's presidency had been later, he may have prevented the Civil War.
The Robert E. Lee monument in New Orleans, Louisiana (July 12, 2015).

Robert E. Lee Topples From His Pedestal

The Confederate general has long been seen, in the South and beyond, as embodying the virtues of the ideal man.

150 Years of Misunderstanding the Civil War

As the 150th of the Battle of Gettysburg approaches, it's time to question the popular account of a war that tore apart the nation.
A re-enactor portraying General Robert E. Lee rides through columns of spectators after a re-enactment of the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, April 9, 2015.

Our Commemoration of the Civil War’s End Celebrates a Myth

The emancipation of black Americans has been written out of our celebration of the Civil War's end.
Statue of John C. Calhoun in Charleston, South Carolina.

Don’t Tear Down Confederate Monuments – Do This Instead

Why eliminate street names that tell one part of Southern history when we can amplify them to tell even more of it?
James Drake, “Police and Dog Attack,” Freedom Walk, Kelly Ingram Park, Birmingham, Alabama, 1993.

The Monument Wars

What is to be done with a landscape whose features carry the legacy of violence?