A Confederate flag is seen during a rally to show support for it.

Growing Up in the Shadow of the Confederacy

Memorials to the Lost Cause have always meant something sinister for the descendants of enslaved people.
A Freeman's Bureau agent stands between armed groups of whites and Freedmen.

There's No National Site Devoted to Reconstruction—Yet

The National Parks Service, which preserves many Civil War sites, is finally looking for a way to mark the struggles that defined its legacy.
A statue of midcentury Paraguayan dictator Alfredo Stroessner artistically transformed by Carlos Colombino.

Dismantled But Not Destroyed

One alternative to tearing down Confederate monuments: creatively repurposing them.
Harvard University's Lowell House, named after former Harvard President Abbott Lawrence Lowell (August 28, 2010).

By Retiring a Seal, Harvard Wages War on the Dead — but to What End?

Rather than censuring the legacies of our ancestors, we should work to make our descendants proud.
A depiction of a slave woman with a baby on the Confederate Monument at Arlington National Cemetery.

The Pernicious Myth of the ‘Loyal Slave’ Lives on in Confederate Memorials

Statues don’t need to venerate military leaders of the Civil War to promulgate false narratives.
A nineteenth century engraving depicting a battle from the Pequot War.

America's Other Original Sin

Europeans didn’t just displace Native Americans — they enslaved them, on a scale historians are only beginning to fathom.
B-29 pilot Capt. John D. Fleming prepares to take off for a bombardment of the Japanese city Wakayama in WWII.

What Was the Confederate Flag Doing in Cuba, Vietnam, and Iraq?

The Confederate flag’s military tenure continued long after the Civil War ended.
A protest at the South Carolina State House against the removal of the Confederate flag.

The Confederate Flag Largely Disappeared after the Civil War

The fight against civil rights brought it back.
Bill O'Reilly, March 23, 2015.

Bill O’Reilly Is America’s Best-Selling Historian

And other problems we need to solve before we can get out of this mess.
Ruins seen from the Circular Church, Charleston, S.C., 1865.

How Charleston Celebrated Its Last July 4 Before the Civil War

As the South Carolina city prepared to break from the Union, its people swung between nostalgia and rebellion.
Sarah Vowell

Sarah Vowell's The Wordy Shipmates: The Problem With Popularization

Making history more appealing to the public may come at a cost.
Slaves of General Thomas F. Drayton, 1862.

American Slavery: Separating Fact From Myth

Before we can face slavery, learn about it and acknowledge its significance to American history, we must dispel the myths surrounding it.